Chapter 22 Quiz:

The Early Industrial Revolution 1760 – 1851

1. One of the Industrial Revolution causes was an earlier development that took place in agriculture with the introduction of potatoes and other high yielding crops. Another development was the enclosure movement that forced a lot of farmers to move to the cities. What did enclosure do?


2. Innovation and technology rose all over Europe, with some French scientists creating the hot air balloon and the semaphore telegraph. But ultimately, it was England that led the way in industrial revolution. Why?



3. Historians have identified five innovations that greatly contributed to the industrial revolution: 1. Mass production through division of labor, 2. Mechanization and new machines, 3. Increase in iron production, 4. The steam engine, and 5. The electric telegraph. What are the two of the above that have not already been used in China?


4. First use of larger scale mechanization took place in England in the cotton industry with the invention of the cotton mill, which enhanced productivity, made better textiles, and boosted demand for England cloth all over the Europe. What is a consequence of this process?


5. One of the greatest inventions of this period was the steam engine, providing power for mines, factories, ships, and railroads. Why was it call the steam engine?


6. The industrial revolution transformed people’s lives in many ways. Cities grew faster then ever causing environmental changes, pollution, and poor hygiene. In this atmosphere, diseases proliferated, including rickets, a bone disease caused by luck of sunshine and cholera, a contagious disease imported from India. What municipal reforms were introduces as a result of diseases striking poor neighborhoods?


7. With the introduction of machines, came a greater need for workers. The owners of the factories found such additional workers among children and women, who were performing all kinds of jobs “suited” to their physical strength. Children were especially preferred because they were cheaper, docile and did not protested when they were beaten for making mistakes. How many hours did children worked in factories and mines?



8. Who was the real beneficiary of the industrial revolution?


9. In the climate of fast-moving changes in society, new economical and political belief systems occurred: laissez faire, mercantilism, and positivism. Which of the above promoted the idea that government should not interfere in the economic affairs?



10. One of the international results of the industrial revolution was that some parts of the world became the producers of raw materials for the wealthy nations. What is the most illustrative example?


Question 1 of 10

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