Chapter 8 Quiz:

The rise of Islam 600 – 1200

1. Islam has its origins among nomadic pastoralists and caravan traders who adopted either Semitic Polytheism, worshiping small local deities and natural forces, or some form of Christianity.  In this context, what did Ka’ba represented?

 
 
 

2. Muhammad was an Arab trader who claimed that he heard the word of Allah (God) through a series of revelations all through his life. Thus, he is called a prophet and credited with the founding of Islamism. What did the revelations say?

 
 
 

3. Hijra, which took place in 622 marking the beginning of the Muslim Calendar, is the event in which Muhammad fled from Mecca – where he feared persecutions from religious leaders, to the city of Medina. In Medina, Muhammad and his follower formed the first umma which is:

 
 
 

4. When Muhammad died in 632, Abu Bakr became his successor under the name of caliph. Among other things, he initiated the collection of prophet’s revelations in one book, called Quran and confirmed the most important teachings of Islam. What do we call these teachings?

 
 
 

5. A civil war between the Islamic community divided Muslims in Shi’ites and Sunnis and helped rise to power the first hereditary dynasty of Muslims. What is the name of the dynasty that ruled for almost one hundred years?

 
 
 

6. In between 634 and 711, Arabs conquered a Syria, Tunisia, Spain, Pakistan and conducted invasions in sub-Saharan Africa, India and Anatolia. What was the main vehicle of Islam expansion in this period?

 
 
 

7. Following the Umayyad Caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate ruled from Bagdad till 1258 over a vast multiethnic empire. Therefore, they needed a big army. A significant part of the army was formed by Turkish mamluks (Turkish slaves) which later played a significant role in the decline of the Abbasids, within its borders. Where did Mamluks established their supremacy until 1517?

 

 
 
 

8. From the outside, another Turkish power rose and fought to conquer the Abbasid territories. What is the name of this state?

 
 
 

9. Under the Islamic law, women had more rights compared to Jewish or Christian women. Among those: a daughter received a share of inheritance; women could divorce and if the husband had initiated it, they received a payment; they could also remarry, practice birth control, testify in courts and go on pilgrimage. What is one characteristic that women shared in the Islamic society?

 
 
 

10. What was the center of Islamic communities in Europe till the end of 15th century?

 
 
 

Question 1 of 10

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