Chapter 5 Quiz: Rome and Han China 753 B.C.E – 600 C.E

1. Rome, which rose to power in 6th century B.C.E in south Europe, was ruled by a Council of Elders called Senate, composed of the male aristocrats. In 507 B.C.E. a senator called Brutus “the Liberator” initiated a revolt against the king and instituted a new form of government called:

 

 
 
 

2. From a little village on seven hills, as the legend has it, Rome set to conquer the Italian peninsula, with a well-trained and disciplined army. What was Rome’s policy towards the conquered population?

 
 
 

3. How did the Romans build their empire which in the year 14 C.E when Octavian Augustus died extended all the way through France, Spain and Britain in the west, and the coast of north Africa, Egypt and the near middle east?

 
 
 

4. When they conquer a land, romans organized it as a province using their own model of government, granted citizenship to most of the people and attractive advantages to the officials stationed there. Many of the conquered population ended up by speaking Latin and adopting the roman way of life. How do we call this process?

 
 
 

5. Christianity, which started as a monotheistic religion centered around its prophet, Jesus, in the present-day Israel, attracted a lot of unprivileged group of people like lower and poor classes, women and slaves. Even persecuted by romans in the empire, the sect grew and developed a hierarchy of priests. Why were the early Christians persecuted by romans?

 
 
 

6. The third century crises refer to a series of military, political and economic disaster in the Roman Empire like barbarian invasion, frequent changes in rulers, decadence of the urban centers and trade routes, civil wars and so on. Which two emperors were credited with reforming the empire, for a short period of time, before its slow disintegration, a few centuries later?

 
 
 

7. Who created the first Chinese empire, 221 – 206 B.C.E.?

 
 
 

8. Legalists were adepts of a political theory that puts the well being of the state over the individual. In other words, sacrifice the people in the name of the emperor and his state. The Qin dynasty adopted legalism and whit it a series of administrative measures that strengthen its position. What are some of the measures adopted by the legalists under the Qin rulers?

 
 
 

9. Han dynasty held power between 202 B.C.E. and 220 C.E. During these years, Han extended and consolidated the empire through military conquests, administrative unification, and calculated alliances, also by adopting the Confucianism as the official ideology. During this time, military operations extended to North Vietnam, Manchuria and south Korea. Which was one of the emperors of the Han dynasty?

 

 
 
 

10. The Hun dynasty came to an end mainly because it run out of money to pay its army and also run out of troops. The force conscription broke down and landowners took back their privileges. What was the event that officially terminated the reign of Han dynasty?

 
 
 

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