Chapter 3 Quiz:

The Mediterranean and Middle East 2000 – 500 B.C.E

1. One of the most important development of this period is metallurgy, when people used a stronger metal for weapons and tools. What was this metal?


2. When we refer at the Middle East, we mainly speak about what is now western Asia, Egypt and Syria-Palestine zone. Which of the following political entities is not part of the ancient middle east cultures?



3. Many political and cultural concepts and achievements of this period spread from its centers to the whole region. Among them we are iron metallurgy first developed by the Hittites; Akkadian, as the language of diplomacy; the ziggurats of Mesopotamia (a style of political and religious building); also numerous myths and legends. What is the name of the style of writing developed and spread on this area?


4. Akhenaten was a very controversial pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. He didn’t follow traditions and did things his way, like moving the capital, and adopting a naturalistic way in art. One other important thing he did was to adopt a new and only god, Aten, and ban the cult of others.  Today, some people have credit it him with the invention of:



5. To make weapons and tools, the ancient states needed metal that often came from long distances and was difficult to carry. What mode of transportation greatly contributed to the development of trade network in this period?



6. In the second millennium B.C.E. a prosperous civilization flourished in Crete, an island in the Aegean Sea. They traded, they designed and built unfortified palaces, had indoor plumbing, colorful frescoes, a centralized government and a writing system that had not yet been deciphered. Eventually, it was wiped out by the Mycenean Greeks around 1450 B.C.E. What is the name of this civilization?


7. Mycenean civilization rose to power in mainland Greece about 1600 B.C.E. They were an aggressive state that destroyed Minoan culture, traded with others, build and made beautiful art. We know about this civilization from the diggings made by the German archaeologist Schliemann and from the written tablets found in graves and other sites. What is the name of this writing style?



8. From the tenth to the seventh century, B.C.E., Assyrians dominated Mesopotamia. They took control over the area by military campaigns and kept it under its rule by tribute and taxes and by controlling the trade and resources. They even practiced mass deportation to provide workers for construction. What is the most famous cultural heritage that had survived to today?


9. The life of people of ancient Israel can be reconstructed from the archeological discoveries and texts from the Bible. We know that they were once a political entity but were conquered by the Assyrian Empire and later by the Neo-Babylonian Kingdom. Spread across the region, they developed a strong Jewish identity defined by a strict set of rules among which are: restriction of eating shellfish and pork, rest on Sabbath and taking ritual baths. What is the core religious belief of this identity?


10. Located in present day Tunisia, Carthage is a city-colony founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. that played a major role in this time. What is this city most famous for?




Question 1 of 10

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