New Civilization

in the Eastern and Western Hemisphere 2200 – 250 B.C E.

1. Chinese ancient culture developed inside some natural geographical barriers such as mountains, deserts and steppes, oceans and seas. Because of such environment, movement of people and goods overland was difficult. What was the most preferred way of transportation in ancient China?


2. Northern China grew millet and southern China, rice. Along Yangzi River Valley ancient Chinese developed a sophisticated method of cultivating rice that hold higher crops. What was the environmental impact of this agricultural system?


3. What is the name of the Chinese dynasty that is generally accepted by historians as the beginning of Chinese dynasty history?



4. Mandate of Heaven was a political and religious ideology created under the Zhou dynasty and applied to all monarch for three thousand years. According to it:


5. Named two of the major philosophical systems that started under the Zhou dynasty and became China’s fundamental set of rules for life and government till early last century.


6. Egypt is known as one of the oldest civilizations of the ancient earth. Its beginnings are linked to which River Valley?



7. A powerful civilization rose south of Egypt. During a long period of time cca 3100 to 350 B.CE., the powerful kings of this civilization often ruled the whole Egypt. What is the name we have given this civilization?


8. About 500 B.C.E, a group of people spread across Europe. They lived in tribes in hill-forts refuges, led by warriors and educated by an elite class of priests called druids. Romans and Greek texts that describe these people speak with astonishment about their attire – trousers, and appearance – red hair and mustaches. What is the name of this population?


9. One of the earlier known civilization in Mesoamerica is known for its 16 giant head sculptures of basalt, the tallest being 11 feet tall, and believed to portray kings or famous ballplayers. What is the name of this civilization that flourished between 1200 and 400 B.C.E?


10. In South America, the Chavin de Huantar, located in the Andes, was the center of a flourishing trade network. It was also the center of a civilization that flourished between 900 and 250 B.C.E. and we call it now the Chavin culture. Diggings in the said location have uncovered objects made of gold and silver. These discoveries are a proof of what important development in the area:


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