Chapter 25 Quiz:

Africa, India, and the New British Empire, 1750 – 1870

1. King Shaka founded the Zulu state in southern Africa in 1818, based on national identity, and by raiding the neighbors, seizing their cattle and capturing women and children. He instituted a strong military practice by grouping young people by age in regiments.  What was a result of Zulu expansion?

 
 
 

2. By issuing a call to jihad to overthrow the king of Gobir who practiced polytheistic rituals, Usuman dan Fodio of the Hausa states created the largest political entity in West Africa, the Sokoto Caliphate (1809 – 1906). Which of the following is true about the Sokoto state?

 
 
 

3. Muhamad Ali and later his grandson Ismail adopted a series of reforms that ultimately modernized Egypt. Military branch gained new technology and trained officers, there was an infusion of printed materials, foreigners were welcomed to teach advanced technologies and train Egyptian citizens. How do we call this process?

 
 
 

4. Over 18 years, Algerians fought a resistance war against French army who invaded the country in 1830. Eventually Algeria was occupied, and thousands of European settlers rushed to grab a part of the country’s rich resources. What was the dispute over which France attacked Algeria?

 
 
 

5. At the beginning of the 19th century a movement started to end the slave trade, with Britain and the United States making it illegal to import slaves. Even if most of the western countries followed by 1850, the laws were broken. Who was the leading state against slave trade that patrolled the African coasts freeing 160,000 Africans from over 1600 ships?

 
 
 

6. How did Great Britain extend its control over India in between 1757 and 1857?

 
 
 

7. What was one goal of the British Raj (reign) in India?

 

 
 
 

8. In May 1857, the Hindu sepoy (soldiers), joined by other dissatisfied classes, rebel against British rule over orders that were offending to their religious traditions. The rebellion was squashed by spring of 1858. The event is known in Britain history as the Sepoy Mutiny or Rebellion, but in India is seen as the beginning of the independence movement and called:

 

 
 
 

9. India was a vast territory with diverse socio-cultural groups of population and for British this was the ideal environment to rule. Resisting this rule, a middle class of intellectuals, educated in the western schools, values and tradition, claimed that the way to gain independence from the British Empire was to reduce division among those groups and promote unity.  This idea led to:

 

 
 
 

10. What new large territories were added by the British empire in the Pacific Ocean that until today are part of the British Commonwealth?

 
 
 

Question 1 of 10

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